November 16, 2018

What You Need to Know About Treating Hypertrophic, Atrophic & Keloid Scars

Even though your wounds will always heal, it doesn’t mean that you’ll be able to forget that they happened.

When the top layers of your skin are sliced open, a scar will occur but the type of scar that forms is dependent on how your body responds to the injury. If the body produces the right amount of collagen, your scar will be flat and not very noticeable. If your body isn’t able to produce enough collagen, you will be left with a sunken scar. And then finally, if too much collagen is produced, your scar will be raised and very noticeable.

You should be able to predict how your body will scar in the future based on your past scars because your body will also have the same collagen response.

Fortunately, advances in cosmetic procedures have made scar treatment easy. Let’s look at some of the options.

Common Scar Treatment Options

Here is how you can treat different types of scars.

Keloid Scars

Not only are these scars raised but they extend well beyond the original injury site. Keloid scars are probably one of the toughest scars to treat but it is possible.

While you could take the scar cream approach, this doesn’t always have the desired effect. Laser treatments can also help but the most effective option is injectable treatments that are administered by a qualified clinician.

In some cases, if the scar can be shrunk, it can be cut out but your doctor will be able to tell you whether this is an option. You can find out more about treating keloid scars using injectable treatments by visiting https://www.thedoc.com.au/treatments/keloid-scar-removal-treatment/

Atrophic Scars

Also known as sunken scars, atrophic scars occur when the body is unable to produce enough collagen to repair the skin correctly. This particular type of scar is common amongst acne sufferers and those you have had chicken pox.

There are also different types of atrophic scars, including:

  • Ice pick scars. These deep and narrow scars can be treated by cutting them out. Your doctor will first numb the skin before cutting around the scar to remove it. The incision will be closed with a stitch. If you’re not keen on the idea of cutting it out, the scar can also be flattened using fillers.
  • Boxcar scars. This scar has defined borders and tends to be quite steep. Boxcar scars are usually treated by popping the scar out with a needle. Laser treatments can also be used to encourage collagen production to pop the scar out.
  • Rolling scars. This scar tends to have rolling edges and is quite broad. Laser treatments such as picosecond and CO2 are ideal for treating this specific type of scar. The laser works to tighten the skin and encourage collagen production.

Hypertrophic Scars

Also known as raised scars, hypertrophic scars are caused when the body keeps producing collagen long after a wound has healed. Unlike keloid scars, hypertrophic scars won’t extend beyond the original injury and will generally match the colour of your skin.

In some cases, silicone sheets can also be used to flatten the scar but this will take a few months. Cortisone injections and laser treatments are other options for treating this particular type of scar.