Platelet rich plasma means autologous blood concentrated with above baseline platelet levels having minimum seven growth factors. As PRP has growth factors, it can heal the damaged tissues, produces collagen and triggers other regenerative processes.
Plasma riche en plaquette [platelet-rich plasma] is taken from the patient’s body directly and injected on the affected area. It is the contemporary version of traditional dextrose prolotherapy. The difference between PRP and dextrose prolotherapy is that the former offers natural growth factor, which the latter cannot.
Benefits of the PRP treatment
PRP therapy is useful to people suffering from –
- Osteoarthritis, especially those struggling with degenerative knee tendon
- Ligament sprain or torn
- Herniated or bulging disc
- Sacroiliac issues
- Sports or exercise injuries
- Sciatica nerve pain
- Hand injuries like carpel tunnel syndrome
- Chronic pain in vulnerable areas like shoulders, neck, lower back and knees
- Stiffness, reduced flexibility, loss of balance, instability
- Sinus lift augmentation
Why does body stops resolving specific injuries and depends on PRP therapy for proper healing?
Chronic or ongoing pain is because body stops identifying the area as ‘needing to be repaired’, especially in conditions like tendinosis, degeneration and chronic injuries. PRP is the suitable prolotherapy because it increases natural inflammation near forgotten damaged area and restarts the healing process. PRP helps patients to overcome consistent stiffness, pain, limited mobility, sleep issues, workout soreness and more.
What is the mechanism of PRP injections?
In Prolotherapy, PRP injections are applied to resolve tiny injuries or tears to connective tissues of the musculoskeletal system. It can include damaged tendons, ligaments, joint capsules, muscle fibers, and fascia. Many patients need injection within 4 weeks to 6 months. The aim of PRP injection course is to form new blood vessels, help to constrict, repair and fortify damaged tissue or joints.
- PRP substance gets injected within the affected tissue that causes local inflammation and wound healing flow causing new collagen deposition and initiated healing controlled by the bioactive protein from plasma, platelets, and WBC.
- New collagen shrivels as it matures and tightens damaged tendon or ligament, so as to make it strong.
- Platelets in the PRP substance is around 94°. There is lots of bioactive factors, cytokines, and proteins that start and regulate natural wound healing.
Temporary mild effects get experienced, which vanish within several days but OTC painkillers are recommended to manage pain during the start of wound healing process. Today, prolotherapy and PRP treatment is very effective and affordable. It is regarded as safe but the only important factor is to find a well-trained practitioner.